e-Voke: An Insight

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On 16th November 2015 a new milestone in the e-cigarette world was reached: the first electronic cigarette was licensed as a medical product. But it never made it to market. We wrote about the product back in 2015 – and now, with the recent announcement by Public Health England, we take a refresh look at the product and the potential of medicinal e-cigs.

E-Voke, manufactured by British American Tobacco-owned Nicovations, was granted a Marketing Authorisation by the UK medicines regulatory authority, the MHRA. The authorisation – or licence – would have allowed the product to be prescribed by doctors and available on the NHS.

 

 

e-voke-BAT-nhs-mhra

e-Voke by BAT: Approved by MHRA

 

 

What did e-Voke look like?

 

e-Voke was similar to the ‘ciga-like’ device. It comprised a battery unit, vaporiser and cartridge. The cartridge held the nicotine, glycerol and water solution within a polyurethane foam matrix. There were no flavourings.

 

e-voke-British_American_Tobacco-mhra-medicinal-ecig

e-Voke was similar to the ‘ciga-like’ type pictured

What could e-Voke be used for?

 

e-Voke was categorised by the MHRA in the group of medicines called Nicotine Replacement Therapy (the same as Nicorette Inhaler). Specifically, the device had been approved to:

 

  • relieve and/or prevent withdrawal symptoms and reduce the cravings associated with tobacco dependence.
  • aid smokers wishing to quit or reduce prior to quitting, to assist smokers who are unwilling or unable to smoke, and as a safer alternative to smoking for smokers and those around them.

 

e-Voke was also approved for use by pregnant and lactating women to help them quit smoking.

 

Was the product any good?

 

Difficult to say but to achieve medical product status, Nicovations, must have be able to show – through clinical trials – that the product could help users to quit smoking. Given there were no flavourings it probably didn’t taste great – especially in comparison with full favour TPD compliant products.

 

Was e-Voke available on the NHS?

 

No. The company did not take the product through the final processes to make the product available on the NHS and it looks like now they never will.

 

Could you buy e-Voke in the shops?

 

No, the product never made it to the consumer market but it was probably always only intended for the medicinal category. Due to the strict design requirements of medicine regulation, the simple ‘ciga-like’ design would have the best chance of approval.

 

Medical Product Status and Voke

 

Obtaining medical status for any product is quite an achievement – it can take years and can cost millions – and more so for this type of product, given the novelty factor.

The manufacturer, Nicovations, is the medical product arm of British American Tobacco (BAT). The company is not new to the regulatory process for medicines. In September 2014 they received approval for Voke, a non-electronic cigarette that functions in a similar way to the Nicorette Inhalator.

 

What did the PHE say about e-cigs?

 

Public Health England (PHE) recently published their findings on a review of e-cigs. As part of their review, they looked at the use of e-cigs among the youth, public perceptions of vaping, e-cigs efficacy in helping smokers quit and the health risks. An extract of some of the findings are below:

  • the evidence does not support the concern that e-cigarettes are a route into smoking among young people
  • there is much public misunderstanding about nicotine (less than 10% of adults understand that most of the harms to health from smoking are not caused by nicotine)
  • e-cigarettes could be contributing to at least 20,000 successful new quits per year and possibly many more
  • vaping poses only a small fraction of the risks of smoking and switching completely from smoking to vaping conveys substantial health benefits

The PHE also believes: “there is compelling evidence that e-cigarettes be made available to NHS patients.

 

What would the entry of a medical e-cig into the market mean for sales of the standard TPD e-cig?

 

This is difficult to predict but some factors that may play a part are explored below:

 

Customer confidence

 

If a medicinal e-cig was available, a smoker looking to try e-cigarettes would have the option to choose a product, which has met quality, safety and efficacy standards equal to medicines. On this basis alone, it could have lead to an improved confidence in e-cigs in general.

 

Customer satisfaction

 

Despite the medical status, the shear number of regulations that apply to medical products would adversely affect the design of the medicinal e-cig (flavours, voltage and other customisations) and palatability. It is unclear if the limited design features of a medicinal e-cig would meet needs of the majority of smokers/vapers.

 

Advertising Benefits

 

One key benefit, a medicinal e-cig has over regular e-cig, is advertising. There are fewer advertising restrictions for medicinal products: unlike standard TPD e-cigs, T.V and radio advertising is allowed for non-presciption (‘over the counter’ or OTC) medicines. It is unclear if medicinal e-cigs could achieve this status but considering other nicotine replacement therapies are OTC it has a good chance.

 

In Summary

 

It is unclear if a medicinal e-cig, with its medical status and the associated advertising benefits, could take a significant share of the e-cig market. However, with pressure from health bodies, such as the recent announcement from Public Health England, and developments in government policy, the MHRA could change the way they regulate medicinal e-cigs. They could make allowances for medicinal e-cigs and relax some of the strict requirements. It could pave the way for a more palatable medicinal e-cig: this would be a real game changer.

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